Ecological Services

Our team provides the skillset required to design, plant, and maintain ecological systems in a range of climates.  With expertise in wetlands, ecology and horticulture, we are able to integrate and deliver a range of ecological solutions to meet varying project needs.

Integrated Water Infrastructure Solutions

Water utilities have the responsibility to deliver infrastructure strategies that will achieve their core objectives in the most economical manner. Traditionally, infrastructure has been handled purely as a Problem – Solution dichotomy. Solutions that are developed to treat and manage water issues are usually delivered by hard engineering systems that narrowly focus only on addressing the problem at hand. Non-water aspects of infrastructure projects such as social, environmental and amenity factors are handled as separate issues that are superimposed onto the core technical solution.

We recognise that by considering technical social, economic, and ecological opportunities, infrastructure can be delivered that is more adaptive, innovative and economic.  The Water and Carbon Group has the multidisciplinary mix of disciplines fundamental to integrated water management, actively working together day under the one roof.


We recognise that not all stormwater characteristics are the same. Depending on the catchment profile and the contaminants present, different treatment solutions will be needed.   For example, stormwater runoff from a green waste piles or an agi-industrial site have much higher organic loading than urban stormwater runoff and therefore require solutions that are able to manage those water quality differences.

The key to successful ecological stormwater management is to develop designs that not only take into account the hydrological flow aspects of a catchment, but also consider how the systems can be designed to ensure they provide an environment that is conducive for vegetative habitats to thrive.  Underpinning the overall system should also be a strong understanding of the process mechanisms that are needed to achieve the required water quality outcomes, plus an understanding that not all stormwater quality is the same.

Effluent Disposal Design

Sustainable land based effluent disposal schemes are generally considered a preferred option by most regulatory authorities compared to discharge to waterways.  Depending on the objectives, effluent disposal solutions can be designed as simple broad acre irrigation schemes, or alternatively can be developed with integrated value in mind, such as restoring degraded landscapes, provide new ecological spaces for wildlife (e.g. water bird habitats), or creating natural destinations for local communities.

The important element of designing effluent disposal solutions is to ensure that the disposal rates match the capacity of the land, and that the selected vegetation is able to tolerate the particular characteristics of the effluent.  Effluent irrigation schemes should always be designed as integrated solutions to upfront treatment, as there is usually interplay between the outcome of the disposal design and the treatment quality produced e.g. poorer quality effluent requires larger disposal areas.

The Water and Carbon Group is able to provide the solution for effluent disposal schemes: agronomy assessment and modelling (if required), integration with regulatory requirements, planting recommendations (grasses or trees), and irrigation delivery design.

Riparian and Habitat Restoration

The Water and Carbon Group’s projects use a tailored bio diverse mixture of species to provide solutions to site-specific environmental requirements. Primarily our goal is to restore degraded or underutilised land, protect prime agricultural land and restore environmentally sensitive lands such as river frontage. Our project charter is underpinned by environmental, social and economic imperatives and all projects are conducted with extensive technical capability founded on robust data, scientific understanding and continuous learning.

Our technical approach is underpinned by knowledge transfer and partnerships with leading educational providers with a focus on improved water quality and enhanced biodiversity as well as the development of mixed species ecosystems that are sensitive to the local environment.